Babies are born with naturally beautiful skin. That’s why most parents become alarmed whenever they see red, itchy spots on their little one’s skin.
Rashes, though common among babies, can indicate a more serious ailment. See below if your baby’s rashes or spots warrant a trip to the hospital or if it’s something that can be treated at home.
Most babies are born with clear skin. However, some infants develop red and white bumps on their cheeks two to four weeks after birth. Baby acne usually clears up on its own, and there’s no special medication required to make it go away.
Just wash your baby’s face with a gentle cleanser like the Biconi Gentle Baby Soap Head to Toe Cleanser. This mild soap has antibacterial ingredients from virgin coconut oil and noni enzymes that will help prevent skin infection and reduce inflammation. Though tempting, do not use your acne cleanser on your baby. Products meant for adults usually contain potent ingredients that can irritate baby’s sensitive skin.
Is your baby’s skin dry, red and cracked especially on skin folds? If the rash looks thick and scaly with tiny bumps on it, it’s possible that your infant is suffering from eczema. Also called atopic dermatitis, eczema is a kind of skin rash that is common among children under the age of 5. It is itchy and can cause extreme discomfort in babies, which often leads to scratching.
If not treated, eczema could worsen and may look unsightly. Your child’s pediatrician may recommend daily bathing using a mild cleanser. Make sure though that the water is not too warm, as this can dry out the skin faster and make eczema even more uncomfortable. After bathing with a gentler cleanser, lightly pat your baby dry with a soft towel. Never rub a towel against your baby’s skin because this will exacerbate the itchiness. Also, make sure to apply a light moisturizer to your baby’s skin while it is still damp. Virgin coconut oil is a popular choice as this moisturizer gets absorbed by the skin easily.
Hand, foot and mouth disease
As the name suggests, rashes are commonly found on hands and feet of babies and ulcers on their mouths. Smaller than chickenpox spots, HFMD can be itchy, but it goes away on its own within a week or two. This viral illness is common among little children, but babies can be affected as well. It usually begins with a mild fever, which is followed by the appearance of bumps or blisters.
HFMD is most contagious during the first few days of showing symptoms. Although the illness goes away on its own after a couple of days, there are a couple of things to watch out for. Call your baby’s doctor if his rectal temperature goes above 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Additionally, watch out for signs of dehydration since your baby won’t be taking in as much fluids with the ulcers in his mouth. A dry diaper and a parched mouth are common signs of dehydration.
Also called welts or urticarial, hives are a common type of baby rash. It is usually triggered by an allergic reaction to food, insect bites, or medications. On other occasions, hives appear during an illness or a sudden change in temperature. Allergens from the environment such as pollens can cause hives to appear on your baby’s skin. If this is the case, give your baby a bath to rinse away the allergens.
Calamine lotion helps in making the welts subside. Apply the lotion to your baby’s skin using a cotton ball. Additionally, make sure that your little one is comfortable in his clothing. Loose cotton garments are best since they allow the skin to breathe. When should you call the doctor? Call your child’s doctor immediate if he has difficulty breathing or if his face or tongue is swollen. This is particularly important if the hives are due to an allergic food reaction.
Impetigo are blisters that first appear around the nose and mouth but can spread throughout your baby’s body if not treated immediately. It is usually accompanied by fever and swollen lymph glands. The blisters would eventually burst but would not leave scars.
Caused by a bacterial infection, impetigo can be very itchy for your baby, but it is not painful. It usually goes away on its own within two to three weeks, but it can be contagious, so
it’s best to consult your child’s pediatrician for the best treatment. An antibiotic cream may be prescribed by your baby’s doctor to clear up the infection.
They look like goose bumps that don’t disappear. Keratosis pilaris happens when there’s a buildup of keratin in the hair follicles. When this happens, tiny, rough bumps appear on the skin. It is commonly found at the back of the upper arms, as well as on your baby’s thighs and bottom. This skin condition usually surface during cold season but lessens during warm days.
While keratosis pilaris isn’t contagious, it can sometimes be itchy. Although this skin condition doesn’t require topical treatments, following a healthy skincare routine helps. Instead of using soap, switch to a soap-free cleanser to gently remove dirt from your baby’s skin. It also helps to moisturize the affected area to relieve dryness.
Also known as summer rash, prickly heat are tiny bumps or blisters that appear on baby’s skin when the temperature is too hot. More common in babies, heat rash are often seen in the folds of the skin. The tiny bumps are caused by the excessive sweat that babies have when they need to cool down. Too much sweat can clog the pores, and this is when heat rash begins.
Though not serious, prickly heat is a source of discomfort among babies. The itchy bumps may cause your baby to scratch the affected areas. To treat heat rash, make sure that your baby wears cool clothing all the time. The rash will clear up on its own in a few days, but if the itchiness is too much, apply calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream in the affected area.
Despite its name, ringworm is caused by fungus and not worms. The red and round patches on the skin can be itchy but not painful. However, it is contagious. Your baby may have gotten the ringworm from an infected person through direct contact or through infected items such as clothing, towels or beddings.
Excessive sweating may exacerbate the infection, so make sure that your baby is always dry. Loose clothing are your best choice of garments as they don’t trap in sweat, which can make the skin infection worse. Since it is transmissible, it’s best to see your child’s doctor right away so he can prescribe proper treatment. An antifungal cream is common used to treat ringworms in children.
The bottom line
Red spots on baby’s skin can be a cause for worry for most parents. But the good news is that not all rashes are contagious or detrimental to your baby’s health. However, it is important to always be alert on whatever changes that appear on your child’s body. It also helps to keep your child dry at all times, as skin irritations like nappy rash thrive on warm and moist environments. Choose clothing that will allow your baby’s skin to breathe.
It’s also a good idea to put a protective barrier on your baby’s skin to ward off bacterial infections. The Biconi Baby Massage Oil can be used as a nourishing moisturizer for your little one. Made from a blend of virgin coconut oil and jojoba and sweet almond oils, this soothing massage oil helps relieve inflammation from rashes and insect bites, as well as cuts and bumps.