If you’ve been wondering how to get rid of blackheads, you’re far from alone. Blackheads are an annoying skin problem that can seem impossible to resolve without spending lots of money on professional skin treatments. However, once you know the facts of these little black specks on your face, they become a lot less mysterious and easier to treat—because you’ll understand them better. Ready to get up close and personal with blackheads? Read on to learn 10 important facts about blackheads you might not have known.
1. They’re black because they’re exposed to the air
Blackheads are a sign that pores are clogged with oil and unable to close. The oil in the skin carries melanin pigment, which oxidizes when exposed to the air. This is what creates the black pigment, which is very noticeable in the skin, especially in people with fair skin.
2. Blackheads indicate an open hair follicle
Blackheads form around a hair follicle, which secretes the sebum that becomes oxidized. They’re not just filled with oxidized sebum oil, however, they also contain dirt and skin debris, which can irritate the skin.
3. They’re caused by too much oil production
So what causes blackheads? If you have oily skin, then you’re probably well-acquainted with these little clogged follicles, since your skin produces more oil than it needs to stay soft and supple. Excess oil production is the main cause of blackheads. Blackheads are not considered to be acne (or at most, mild acne), but they often go along with more severe acne issues, which are more common in people with oily skin. Humid weather can make skin oilier, and more sensitive to blackheads and breakouts, so if you live in a humid climate, you’ll need to take extra steps to prevent skin problems.
4. Squeezing won’t get rid of blackheads
It can be difficult to fight the urge to squeeze blackheads—but it really doesn’t help. Even if you manage to squeeze out the oxidized oil, the pore can easily fill up again. You’ll also risk damage to your skin by squeezing. Try using gentle skincare methods to resolve blackheads, or see a dermatologist if you’re feeling the urge to squeeze and want solutions.
5. They aren’t always black
Though the name “blackhead” comes from the appearance of oxidized melanin, the pores can be clogged, open, and still remain light in color. Blackheads can either be yellow or black, but they still pose the same problems to skin.
6. Overwashing your face can make blackheads worse
When you have acne or blackheads, the impulse to wash your face over and over is very strong—but you should resist this urge. Overwashing your face can actually make blackheads worse by increasing oil production in your skin—which leads to more blackheads and often acne breakouts. Instead of washing whenever you feel your skin getting oily, stick to washing twice a day with a gentle cleanser: once in the morning, and once before bed.
7. They can turn into pimples if left untreated
Blackheads are only considered to be a mild form of acne on their own, but they can turn into inflammatory acne and pimples if left untreated. The dirt, oil, and skin contained in blackheads can harbor bacteria and evolve into more serious breakouts.
8. They’re influenced by hormones
Much like other types of acne, blackheads are influenced by hormones, which spike during different phases of life or events like pregnancy and menstruation. It’s very common to see an increase in both blackheads and inflammatory acne during periods of hormonal fluctuation.
9. Blackheads aren’t painful on their own
Unlike pimples and cystic acne, blackheads shouldn’t be painful or irritate your skin (unless you can’t keep hands off!). Instead, they just hang out and wait to develop into more serious forms of acne. If you can treat blackheads before they evolve into pimples, you won’t have to deal with any discomfort in the skin. However, even though blackheads may not be physically painful, they can be frustrating and embarrassing to deal with.
10. Pore strips won’t cure them
How to get rid of blackheads? Well, don’t rely on pore strips alone. These popular treatments can lift excess dirt and oil alone, but can’t prevent additional material from clogging up the pores once again. Instead, it’s important to focus on a consistent, gentle skincare routine to keep pores tight and closed.
Step Up Your Skincare Game
Ready to take on your blackheads? Make sure you’re using the right products. Besides a gentle cleanser, like the Biconi Radiant Skin Cleanser Bar, you’ll want a gentle exfoliator and a light moisturiser. A serum can be a great choice, since it will moisturise without feeling too heavy. Our Glow Facial Serum is packed with natural oils that fight skin damage and keep your face silky smooth. Always trust nature to provide the best solutions—and get ready to fight back against blackheads!